Manuscripts submitted to this journal will not be simultaneously submitted elsewhere. Please contact us by e-mail if you have not received our reply after three months. Once the manuscript is accepted, it will be published in 5-10 months. You will be informed whether the manuscript is accepted or not, and we will not send it back. Your manuscript should be revised if it is not suitable for our journal. We have the right to modify your manuscript and will inform you when there are major revisions, but if you do not agree, please let us know in advance. You should use Microsoft Word to edit and typeset your manuscript. We default that you abide by our rules when submitting manuscript to our journal.


As a service to our readers, papers published in our journal are free to be downloaded from online publication. You only need to click the "PDF" or "HTLM" under the title of each article.



Submission Requirements

Content of manuscript: title in Chinese, author, department, Chinese abstract, keywords (3 to 8 words), Chinese library classification, title in English, author (e. g. ZHANG Hongyun), affiliation, English abstract, keywords (The number and order should be in accordance with Chinese keywords), introduction, experimental, results and discussions, conclusions, references. The introduction part of the body can describe directly and the title with different levels should be sorted according to the regulations.

Title: The title of papers should be explicit, descriptive and as brief as possible. The length of the title should be no more than 20 characters in Chinese and 200 alphabets in English. Nonstandard symbols and abbreviations should be avoided. Mathematics and chemical formulae are also not favored. If the paper has a subhead, you can use ‘:’ to separate it from the main heading.

Authors: The number of authors in the paper should be no more than 10. The affiliation (institution) of the authors should use exact name, and use different superscripts to separate them. The sequence is: affiliation (institution) of the authors, city, zip code, country.

Abstract: The abstract should be concise and informative with a length of about 500-1000 words for Chinese abstracts. Don't repeat the information that has been described in the title, neither use the critical language. The abstract should be self-contained and adequate as a summary of the article; namely, it should indicate aim and significance, newly observed facts, conclusions, and the essential parts of any new theory, treatment, apparatus, technique, etc. The abstract should not contain literature citations. Define the nonstandard symbols and abbreviations used in the abstract. Avoid “built-up” equations that cannot be rendered in linear fashion within the running text.

Key words: There should include 3-8 pieces of words that are helpful for cross-indexing the paper. And it should use full name rather than the abbreviation.

Introduction: The introduction part requires 600~700 words. The content of the introduction contains background, research scope, aim and method. Since the introduction of the paper provides readers with perspectives, it should be concise and brief. Results and conclusions should not appear in it.

Footers of the first page: The following information need to be specified: the date of receipt and revision date; name and approval number of project supported by the province or higher level; the brief introduction of the first author including name (year of birth -), gender, nationality, education (degree), title and research direction; correspondent, title, phone. E-mail:.......

(1) Figures' title (including (a), (b) bisection diagram), tables must be marked in English; the words in figures and tables must be in English;

(2) Pictures and forms should be given following their illustration, do not put all of them at the end of the paper;

(3) Tables should be in three-line form, horizontal line can be added when necessary, avoid vertical line in the table;

(4) Ink drawings require ordered graphics description with uniform line in regular black ink (do not use the color line) by computer. The curve and contour line are in width of 0.23 mm (0.64 pt) while the dimension line and coordinate lines are in width of 0.14 mm (0.4 pt);

(5) Photos or grayscale pictures should contrast with each other appropriately and be visible brightly;

(6) The physical quantity should be noted corresponding names and symbols in each coordinate paraxial (italic) and units, such as the speed of v/(m·s-1); for the dimensionless quantity, keep physical names and symbols only;

(7) Do not put too many computer interface diagrams and the handwriting in the diagrams should be clear. Delete those interface maps which are not clear enough to be recognized.

Conclusions: The summary of the point should be accurate, concise, complete and in order.

References: References mainly be literatures recently published (mainly continuous publication, try to avoid using books) with at least 15 listed references, for reviews the number is 40. The use of others’ research viewpoints and conclusions, including data and formulae, tables, maps, and other procedures must specify the source of original documents; do not cite the second documents without reading personally; all the documents cited in literatures should be listed in the Reference according to the order in the paper, avoiding omissions and errors.

In addition:

Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.

Requests to add or delete authors at revision stage or after publication is a serious matter, and may be considered only after receipt of written approval from all authors and detailed explanation about the role/deletion of the new/deleted author. The decision on accepting the change rests with the Editor-in-Chief of the journal.

Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc.

If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been proven, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:

If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.

If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note.

The author’s institution may be informed.


Disclosure of potential conflict of interests

Authors must disclose all relationships or interests that could influence or bias the work. Although an author may not feel there are conflicts, disclosure of relationships and interests affords a more transparent process, leading to an accurate and objective assessment of the work. Awareness of real or perceived conflicts of interests is a perspective to which the readers are entitled and is not meant to imply that a financial relationship with an organization that sponsored the research or compensation for consultancy work is inappropriate. Examples of potential conflicts of interests that are directly or indirectly related to the research may include but are not limited to the following:

Research grants from funding agencies (please give the research funder and the grant number)

Honoraria for speaking at symposia

Financial support for attending symposia

Financial support for educational programs

Employment or consultation

Support from a project sponsor

Position on advisory board or board of directors or other type of management relationships

Multiple affiliations

Financial relationships, for example equity ownership or investment interest

Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)

Holdings of spouse and/or children that may have financial interest in the work

In addition, interests that go beyond financial interests and compensation (non-financial interests) that may be important to readers should be disclosed. These may include but are not limited to personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research, or professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence your research.

The corresponding author collects the conflict of interest disclosure forms from all authors. In author collaborations where formal agreements for representation allow it, it is sufficient for the corresponding author to sign the disclosure form on behalf of all authors.

The corresponding author will include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list, that reflects what is recorded in the potential conflict of interest disclosure form (s).

See below examples of disclosures:

Funding: This study was funded by X (grant number X).

Conflict of Interest: Author A has received research grants from Company A. Author B has received a speaker honorarium from Company X and owns stock in Company Y. Author C is a member of committee Z.

If no conflict exists, the authors should state:

Conflict of Interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.



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